Indianisation and Indigenisation of Southeast Asian Hindu and Buddhist Architecture
TEMASEK HISTORY RESEARCH CENTRE
ARCHAEOLOGY AND ART HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST ASIA PROGRAMME WEBINAR
About the webinar
This lecture will address the spread of Hindu and Buddhist religious architecture in Southeast Asia by highlighting two different periods: indianisation and indigenisation. It begins with an introduction to Hindu and Buddhist architecture during the Indianisation period from the 1st to the 7th/9th centuries, and proceeds with Buddhist architecture in Myanmar and Thailand during the indigenisation period from the 19th to the 20th centuries. The former includes the architecture of the Khmer during the pre-Angkor period, of the Cham in My Son, of the Javanese in the Dieng Plateau, of the Pyu in Beikthano and Sriksetra, and of the Mon in Thaton and Nakhon Pathom. The latter focuses on Buddhist architecture of the Mon and Burmese in Moulmein and Mandalay; of so-called Burmese in Chiang Mai and Lampang, Thailand; and of the Siamese (central Thai) in Bangkok. This lecture will show how architectural forms and techniques circulated and were (re)invented in the vast Southeast Asian continental and maritime area, to shape the internationally known iconic temples of Southeast Asia.
For more information on the webinar series, click here.
About the Speaker
Prof Chotima Chaturawong is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Architecture, Silpakorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. She received a B.Arch and an M.Arch from Silpakorn and Chulalongkorn universities, respectively, and a PhD in History of Art (Southeast Asian Art) from Cornell University. Her PhD focused on the architecture of Burmese Buddhist monasteries in Upper Burma and northern Thailand. She has widely published on architecture and art in Myanmar and Southeast Asia. Some of her more recent publications include Buddha Shrines: An Architectural Comparison of Thailand, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka (in Thai) (2020); “Reliefs of Vishnu Anantasayin: Vaishnavism of the Pyu, Mon, and Burmese.” (2019); “Ayutthaya and Burma,” (2018); and “Mandapas of India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand,” (2017).
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