Trends in Southeast Asia 2021

The Trends in Southeast Asia series serves as in-depth analysis of contemporary geopolitical and socio-economic forces in the region. The series is written for policymakers, diplomats, scholars and students of the region with emphasis on empirical and observable trends, and less on theory-building or historical accounts of events.

The aim of Trends is to offer concrete accounts of the dynamism in the region as transnational processes impact local communities, national governments as well as bilateral and foreign relations. Subjects that are of interest to the series are national elections; economic patterns and growth; demographic changes and their social implications; migratory patterns; religious and ethnic trends; bilateral relations and geopolitics in the region in relation to the larger powers of Japan, China and the US. This series undergoes a peer-review process.


“Hashtag Campaigns during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Malaysia: Escalating from Online to Offline” by Pauline Pooi Yin Leong and Amirul Adli Rosli



“Urban Biodiversity and Nature- Based Solutions in Southeast Asia: Perspectives from Indonesia and Malaysia” by Alex M. Lechner, Michelle Li Ern Ang, Juin Yan Ooi, Badrul Azhar, J. Miguel Kanai, Perrine Hamel and Saut Sagala



“Public Perceptions of the Election Commission, Election Management and Democracy in Malaysia” by Helen Ting M.H. and Andrew Kam Jia Yi



“The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN): A New Arrangement for Research in Indonesia” by Ahmad Najib Burhani, Lilis Mulyani and Cahyo Pamungkas



“The Democratic Action Party in Johor: Assailing the Barisan Nasional Fortress” by Kevin Zhang, John Choo and Fong Sok Eng



“Naquib Al-Attas’ Islamization of Knowledge: Its Impact on Malay Religious Life, Literature, Language and Culture” by Mohd Faizal Musa



“The Unrealized Mahathir-Anwar Transitions: Social Divides and Political Consequences” by Khoo Boo Teik



“30 Years On: A Reflection on Southeast Asia’s Fight Against Communism During the Cold War Years” by Daljit Singh and Lye Liang Fook



“Widodo’s Employment Creation Law, 2020: What Its Journey Tells Us about Indonesian Politics” by Max Lane



“From Pakatan Harapan to Perikatan Nasional: A Missed Opportunity for Reforms for East Malaysia?” by Anantha Raman Govindasamy