Does a New Informal Credit Arrangement Improve Poor’s Welfare? The Case of Debit Card Pawning in the Philippines
REGIONAL ECONOMIC STUDIES PROGRAMME WEBINAR
Webinar Series 2020-2021: Financial Transformation, Credit Markets and Household Debt in Southeast Asia
About the Webinar
This presentation focuses on a recent example of a new credit arrangement in the Philippines’ informal finance sector: an emerging credit arrangement called “ATM sangla (pawning),” literally meaning debit card pawning. ATM sangla is an informal loan arrangement where the borrower’s ATM (debit) card is used as the collateral, where the lender uses the card to withdraw the repayment (principal and interest) from salary deposits on every payday until the entire amount is repaid. Using our unique survey data of factory workers in an industrial estate near the Metro Manila area, we find that slightly less than half (42%) of our respondents actually utilized ATM sangla at least once, with the average loan amounting to the average monthly salary. We find that roughly one-third of our respondents are present-biased discounters (myopic individuals), where they tend to hold higher loan balances with ATM sangla transactions than those whose preferences are time-consistent. Our results show that the present-biased discounters are naïve, rather than sophisticated, suggesting that the emergence of ATM sangla may have encouraged them to overborrow to finance luxury expenses. This paper is co-authored with Nobuhiko Fuwa (University of Tokyo), Eduardo Lucio (University of Queensland), Sharon Faye Piza (World Bank), and Yasuyuki Sawada (Asian Development Bank).
More info about the webinar series here.
About the Speaker
Kei Kajisa is a professor of Development Economics at School of International Politics, Economics, and Communication, Aoyama Gakuin University. He was a senior scientist at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines (2006-2012) and a consultant at the World Bank (1999-2000). He earned a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics at Michigan State University in 1999. He has been conducting a large number of household and community surveys in Asia and Africa on agricultural development and the transformation of rural communities. His latest publications include a journal article titled “The effect of volumetric pricing policy on farmers’ water management institutions and their water use: the case of water user organization in an irrigation system in Hubei, China” (World Bank Economic Review, 2017) and a book titled “Changes in rice farming in the Philippines: Insights from five decades of household-level survey” (Los Baños (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute, 2015).
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