Francis E. Hutchinson is Senior Fellow and Coordinator of the Malaysia Studies Programmes at the ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute. His research interests include state-business relations, elections, federalism, decentralization, and local economic development. Francis is the Managing Editor of the Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, and has authored or edited eight books, including The Defeat of Barisan Nasional: Missed Signs or Late Surge? (ISEAS, 2020), and Asia and the Middle Income Trap (Routledge, 2016). He has published on Malaysian economic and political issues in the Journal of Contemporary Asia, Asian Journal of Political Science, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Sojourn, Asian Affairs, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature and Southeast Asian Affairs.