This article was first published as ISEAS Perspective 2019/8 "Independent Churches in Indonesia: Challenges and Innovations"
and was adapted for publication by The South China Morning Post on 5 March 2019.
The research is supported by the Social Science Research Thematic Grant, Singapore.
Dr Terence Chong is Senior Fellow and Deputy Director at ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institite.
To read the article, click here